The SSC JE exam is one of the most challenging, yet opportunities-creating government exams in India. The exam conducting committee is Staff Selection Commission (SSC).

The engineering branches that are eligible for the SSC exam include Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering. Therefore, engineers belonging to these engineering disciplines can utilize the opportunities that this particular exam provides to deserving candidates.

Here is the list of the SSC JE posts and respective departments recruiting for the respective posts:

S.No. Organization Post
1 Border Road Organization (BRO) Junior Engineer (Civil)
2 Border Road Organization (BRO) Junior Engineer (Electrical &
3 Central Public Works Department (CPWD) Junior Engineer (Civil)
4 Central Public Works Department (CPWD) Junior Engineer (Electrical)
5 Central Water and Power Research Station Junior Engineer (Civil)
6 Central Water and Power Research Station Junior Engineer (Electrical)
7 Central Water and Power Research Station Junior Engineer (Mechanical)
8 Central Water Commission Junior Engineer (Civil)
9 Central Water Commission Junior Engineer (Mechanical)
10 Directorate of Quality Assurance (Naval) Junior Engineer (Mechanical)
11 Directorate of Quality Assurance (Naval) Junior Engineer (Electrical)
12 Farakka Barrage Project Junior Engineer (Civil)
13 Farakka Barrage Project Junior Engineer (Electrical)




SSC JE Online Admission

Please note: The details on this web page will be updated once the SSC JE 2023 notification is available on the official website.

SSC JE 2023 Tentative Exam Schedule
Release of Notification 26.07.2023
Last Date of Submission of Application 16.08.2023
(Paper-l) Prelims Examination Date 09.10.2023 to 11.10.2023
(Paper -ll) Main Examination Date  
Final Result Declaration  

SSC-JE eligibility criteria

The Staff Service Commission that conducts the SSC-JE exam has set the SSC-JE eligibility criteria. These criteria include the following:

  • A citizen of India
  • Subject of Nepal/Bhutan
  • A Tibetan refugee who came to India before 1st January 1962 with the plan or intention to settle in India, or
  • A person of Indian origin migrated from neighboring countries such as Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, and East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia, and Vietnam with the plan or intention to settle permanently in India.

Educational Qualification

The Staff Selection Commission has set certain criteria in terms of educational qualifications for the aspirants interested in applying for the Junior Engineer posts with the Staff Selection Commission (SSC). The specified educational qualification forms a crucial part of the SSC-JE eligibility criteria.

Post Educational and Other Qualification
Junior Engineer (Civil), Border Roads Organisation Ministry of Defence Degree in Civil Engineering from a recognized University/Institute
1) Three years Diploma in Civil Engineering from a recognized University/Institute/Board; and
2) Two years of working experience in Planning/Execution/Maintenance of Civil Engineering works.
Junior Engineer (Electrical & Mechanical), Border Roads Organisation, Ministry of Defence. Degree in Electrical, or Mechanical Engineering from a recognized University/Institute;
1) Three years Diploma in Electrical/Mechanical/Automobile Engineering from a recognized University/Institute/Board; and
2) Two years of experience in Planning/Execution/Maintenance of Electrical or Mechanical Engineering works.
Junior Engineer (Civil or Electrical) CPWD Diploma in Civil or Electrical Engineering from a recognized university or institute.
Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical, or Mechanical engineering), Central Water Power Research Station. Diploma in Civil, Electrical, or Mechanical engineering from a recognized university or institute.
Junior Engineer (Civil or Mechanical engineering), Central Water Commission. Degree or Diploma in Civil or Mechanical engineering from a recognized university or institute.
Junior Engineer (Mechanical or Electrical), Directorate of Quality Assurance (Naval). Degree in Mechanical Engineering from a recognized institute;
1) Three years Diploma in Mechanical or Electrical Engineering from a recognized University or Institution plus
2) Two years' experience in the respective field.
Junior Engineer (Civil, Mechanical or Electrical), Farakka Barrage Project. Diploma in Civil, Mechanical, or Electrical Engineering from a recognized University or Institute.
Junior Engineer (Civil, Mechanical & Electrical), Military Engineer Services (MES). Degree in Civil/ Mechanical & Electrical engineering
1) Three years Diploma in Civil/ Mechanical & Electrical Engineering from a recognized university or institute.
2) Two years' experience in the Planning, Execution, and Maintenance of Electrical or Mechanical Engineering works.
Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical, or Mechanical engineering), National Technical Research Organization. Diploma in Civil, Electrical or Mechanical Engineering from a recognized university or institution.
Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical and Mechanical engineering branch), Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways (Andaman Lakshadweep Harbour Works) Diploma in Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering from a recognized institution or university.

SSC-JE Exam Pattern

SC-JE Exam Pattern is as follows:

Paper I: Computer Based Examination - i) General Intelligence and Reasoning ii) General Awareness iii) Part A: General Engineering (Civil and Structural) or Part B: General Engineering (Electrical) or Part C: General Engineering (Mechanical).

General Intelligence and Reasoning, and General Awareness comprise questions that total 50 marks (in each case).

Apart from this, the third part - General Engineering (Electrical) or General Engineering (Mechanical) is of 100 marks.

Paper II: Written Examination - i) Part A: General Engineering (Civil and Structural) or Part B: General Engineering (Electrical) or Part C: General Engineering (Mechanical) is 300 marks.

The duration of Paper-I and Paper-II is 2 hours each.

SSC-JE Syllabus

The SSC JE syllabus (indicative syllabus) is as follows:

1. General Intelligence and Reasoning: The SSC JE syllabus associated with General Reasoning will comprise both verbal and non-verbal types. The test may include questions associated with topics such as analogies, similarities, differences, space visualization, problem-solving, analysis, judgement, decision-making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, and relationship concepts. The other topics include questions designed to test the candidate's abilities to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships, arithmetical computations, and other analytical functions.

2. General Awareness: In this section, the officials test the candidate's general awareness about different events happening around us. Along with this, officials also test the application of the knowledge from time to time. The officials aim to test the ability of the candidates in knowledge implementation across different segments. These segments might have an association with the regular duties of a Staff Selection Commission (SSC) Junior Engineer. The topics that are commonly asked in this section relate to India and neighbouring countries in terms of History, Geography, Economics, General Polity, and Scientific Research, etc. Candidates must keep a note that they will not require to possess any specific field knowledge in this section of the SSC-JE exam.

Now, let us dive into the General Engineering part of the SSC JE exam for the 2023 session.

Part-A Civil Engineering:

Building materials, Estimating, Costing and Valuation, Surveying, Soil Mechanics, Hydraulics, Irrigation Engineering, Transportation Engineering, and Environmental Engineering.

Structural Engineering forms an important part of the SSC-JE syllabus for the Civil Engineering stream. The topics that one must read in this segment include the Theory of Structures, Concrete Technology, RCC Design, and Steel Design.

Part-B (Electrical Engineering): In this segment, the important topics present are basic concepts, AC Fundamentals, Magnetic Circuits, Measurement and Measuring instruments, Electrical Machines, Synchronous Machines, Fractional Kilowatt Motors, and single phase induction Motors, Synchronous Machines, Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Estimation and Costing, Basic Electronics, and Utilization and Electrical Energy.

Part C (Mechanical Engineering): The next part of the mechanical engineering stream comprises the Theory of Machines and Machine Design, Engineering Mechanics, and Strength of Materials. The other topics present in this part are Properties of Pure Substances, 1st and 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics, Air standard cycles for IC Engines, IC Engine Performance, IC Engine Cooling and Lubrication, Rankine cycle, Boilers, Classification, Specification, Fitting and Accessories, and Air Compressors and their cycles, Refrigeration cycles with Principle of Refrigeration Plant, and Nozzles and Steam Turbines.

Other topics present in the SSC-JE syllabus include Basic Principles, Properties and Classification of Fluids, Fluid Statics and Kinematics, Measurement of Fluid Pressure, Dynamics of ideal fluids, Measurement of Flow rate, Hydraulic Turbines, Centrifugal Pumps, and Classification of Steel.

After discussing the Part-I part of the syllabus, let us find out the relevant topics present in the Part-II of the SSC JE syllabus.

Part A (Civil and Structural Engineering)

Building Materials: Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses, and manufacture/quarrying of materials. The materials crucial in these processes are building stones, cement (Portland), asbestos products, wood and timber products, laminates, bituminous materials, varnishes, and paints.

Estimating, Costing, and Valuation: Analysis of rates, Estimate, glossary of technical terms, methods and unit of measurement, Brick work (Modular and Traditional Bricks), RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work, Painting, Flooring, Plastering, Boundary wall, Brick building. Along with this, other important topics include Centre line method, Bar bending schedule, Septic tank, Mid-section formula, Trapezoidal formula, Simpson's rule, cost estimate of septic tank, Flexible pavements, Tube well, and isolates and combined footings, Valuation - Value and Cost, Scrap value, Salvage and assessed value, sinking fund, depreciation, obsolescence, and methods of valuation.

Surveying: This part forms a critical part of the Civil and Structural Engineering niche. The topics present in this segment of the SSC-JE syllabus include Principles of surveying, measurement of distance, working of the prismatic compass, compass traversing, chain surveying, local attraction, plane table surveying, theodolite traversing and adjustment, Levelling, Definitions of the words/terms used in levelling, contouring, refraction, and curvature corrections. Other topics associated with Civil and Structural Engineering in the SSC-JE syllabus include temporary and permanent adjustments of dumpy level, methods of contouring, use of contour map, tachometric survey, and curve setting, earthwork calculation, and advanced surveying equipment.

Soil Mechanics: It is one of the unique topics associated with the Civil Engineering syllabus. This section comprises several topics that are important from the SSC-JE 2023 exam point of view. This includes the origin of soil, phase diagram, Definitions-void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, water content, specific gravity of soil grains, unit weighs, density index and interrelationship of different parameters, Grain size distribution curves, and their uses, Index properties of soil, Atterberg's limits, ISI soil classification, plasticity chart, Permeability of soil, co-efficient of permeability, and determination of coefficient of permeability, Unconfined and confined aquifers, effective stress, and quick sand.

Other topics present in this segment are Consolidation of soils, Principles and degrees of consolidation, pre-consolidation pressure, normally consolidated soil, e-log p curve, and computation of ultimate settlement with tests such as Direct shear test, Vane shear test, and Triaxial test. Other topics associated with the Soil Mechanics include Soil compaction, Laboratory compaction test, Earth pressure theories, Soil compaction, Laboratory compaction test, Maximum dry density and optimum moisture content, active and passive earth pressures, and bearing capacity of soils, plate load test, and standard penetration test.

Hydraulics: This interesting section of Civil Engineering includes fluid properties, hydrostatics, Bernoulli's theorem with the application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, flumes, spillways, turbines, and pumps.

Irrigation Engineering: This section includes topics such as definition, necessity, benefits, ill effects of irrigation, types, and methods of irrigation, Hydrology - Measurement of rainfall, run-off coefficient, rain gauge, losses from precipitation, evaporation, and infiltration, etc. Apart from this, other topics present in this section include Water requirement of crops, duty, delta and delta period, Kharif and Rabi Crops, Command Area, Time factor, Crop ratio, Overlap allowance, Irrigation efficiencies, different types of canals and canal irrigation, loss of water in canals, canal lining.

Other crucial topics present in this segment include types and advantages, Shallow and deep wells, Failure of weirs and permeable foundation, Slit, and Scour, Theories such as Kennedy's theory of critical velocity, Lacey's theory of uniform flow; Definition of flood, causes, and effects, methods of flood control, and water logging, preventive measures, land reclamation, Characteristics of affecting fertility of soils, purposes, methods, description of land and reclamation processes, and major irrigation projects in India.

Transportation Engineering: This section includes topics such as Highway Engineering (cross-sectional elements), geometric design, series of tests, different types and materials in pavements - aggregates and bitumen, Design of flexible and rigid pavements. These designs include Water Bound Macadam (WBM) and Wet Mix Macadam (WMM), Gravel Road, and Bituminous construction, Rigid pavement joint, pavement maintenance, Highway drainage, and Railway Engineering - Components of permanent way (sleepers, ballast, fixtures, and fastening), track geometry, points and crossings, track junction, stations, and yards. The other topics include Traffic Engineering - Different traffic survey, speed-flow density, and their interrelationships, intersections, and interchanges, traffic signals, traffic operations, signs, and markings, and road safety.

Environmental Engineering: Civil engineers need to know the crucial aspects associated with environmental engineering. This includes Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of water, distribution of water, the need for sanitization, sewerage systems, different types of servers such as circular, and oval ones, sewer appurtenances, and sewage treatments. Other important topics present in environmental engineering include solid waste management (types and effects), engineered management systems; Air pollution - pollutants, causes, and effects, control Noise pollution - cause, health effects, and control.

Now, let us dive into the important topics for Structural Engineering.

Theory of structures: Elasticity constants, types of beams (determinate and indeterminate), bending moment, and shear force diagrams of simply supported, cantilever, and overhanging beams. Other topics include moment of area, moment of inertia for rectangular and circular sections, bending moment, shear stress for tee, channel, and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric loads, slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load and columns, Torsion of circular section.

Concrete Technology: This segment of the SSC-JE syllabus of Structural Engineering includes properties, advantages and uses of concrete, cement aggregates, water-cement ratio, importance of water quality, mix design, storage, batching, placement, and compaction. The other topics associated with this topic include finishing, curing, and quality control of concrete, hot and cold weather concreting, repair, and maintenance of concrete structures.

RCC Design: The RCC Design section includes RCC beams-flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, and design of singly reinforced and double reinforced beams, cantilever beams, T-beams, and lintels. Apart from this, RCC Design also includes one-way and two-way slabs, isolated footings, reinforced brickworks, columns, staircases, retaining walls, and water tanks.

Steel Design: Steel Design and construction of steel columns, beams, roof trusses, and plate girders.

Part-B (Electrical Engineering)

Basic concepts: Concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance, and various factors affecting them. Along with this, other important topics in the subject of the SSC-JE exam include Concepts of current, voltage, power, energy, and their units.

Circuit law: This section includes the major Kirchhoff’s law along with the Simple Circuit solution using network theorems.

Magnetic Circuit: This segment linked with the circuits comprises topics such as Concept of flux, mmf, reluctance, magnetic materials, magnetic calculations for conductors of different configurations, (e.g., solenoidal, straight, circular), Electromagnetic induction, self, and mutual induction.

AC Fundamentals: Instantaneous, peak, RMS and average values of alternating waves, Representation of sinusoidal wave form, simple series, and parallel AC Circuits comprising RL and C, Tank Circuit Poly Phase System – star and delta connection, and 3 phase power, DC and sinusoidal response of R-Land R-Circuit.

Measurement and measuring instruments: The important topics in the section include Measurement of power (1-phase and 3-phase, both active and non-active) and energy, 2 wattmeter method of 3 phase power measurement, Measurement of frequency and phase angle, Ammeter and voltmeter (both moving iron and moving oil type), extension of range wattmeter. The other topics present in this segment of Part-B (Electrical Engineering) include Multimeters, Megger, Energy meter, Earth Fault detection, AC Bridges, Use of CRO, Signal Generator, CT, PT, and their uses.

Electrical Machines: This part of the syllabus is divided into three parts. It includes a) DC Machine – Construction, Basic Principles of DC motors and generators, their characteristics, speed control, starting of DC Motors Method of braking motor, losses, and DC Machines efficiency. b) 1 phase and 3 phase transformers – Construction, Principles of operation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, OC and SC tests, Effect of voltage, losses, and efficiency, frequency and wave form on losses, Parallel operation of 1 phase or 3 phase transformers, and Auto transformers. c) 3-phase induction motors, rotating magnetic field, principles of operation, equivalent circuit, torque-speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3 phase induction motors, Methods of breaking, effect of voltage and frequency variation on torque speed characteristics. Another topic that forms a crucial part of this section’s SSC-JE syllabus is Fractional Kilowatt Motors and Single Phase Induction Motors with their characteristics and applications.

Synchronous Machines: In this topic, certain aspects related to the SSC-JE syllabus are covered. This includes the Generation of a 3-phase emf armature reaction, voltage regulation, parallel operation of two alternators, synchronizing, control of active and reactive power, and applications of synchronous machines.

Generation, Transmission, and Distribution: This section includes different types of power stations, certain factors such as load factor, diversity factor, and demand factor; cost of generation, inter-connection of Power stations, Power factor improvement, different types of faults and tariffs, short circuit current for symmetrical faults. Apart from this, Switchgears – rating of circuit breakers, Principles of arc extinction by oil and air, HRC Fuses, and Protection against earth leakage or over current, Buccholtz relay, Merz-Price system of protection of generators and transformers, protection of feeders and bus bars, Lightning arresters, transmission and distribution systems. Along with this, several other topics are also included in the syllabus. This includes conductor materials comparison, efficiency of different systems; Cable – different types of cables, cable rating, and derating factor.

Estimation and costing: Estimating of lighting scheme, electric installation of machines, and relevant IE rules with Earthing practices.

Utilization of Electrical Energy: Illumination, Electric heating and welding, Electroplating, Electric drives, and motors.

Basic Electronics: Working of various electronic devices, e.g., P N Junction diodes, Transistors (NPN and PNP type), BJT, and JFET Simple circuits using these devices.

Part C (Mechanical Engineering)

Theory of Machines and Machine Design: The most important topics associated with this segment of Mechanical Engineering include concept of simple machine, four bar linkage and link motion, Flywheels and fluctuation of energy, Power transmission by V-belts and Flat belts, Plate and Conical Clutches, Gears – Type of gears, gear profile and gear ratio calculation, and Governors – Principles and classification, Riveted joint, Cams, Bearings, Friction in Collars and Pivots.

Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials: The crucial topics associated with the Mechanical Engineering stream in the SSC-JE exam include Equilibrium of Forces, Law of Motion, Friction, and Concepts of stress and strain, Elastic limit and elastic constants, Bending moments and shear force diagram, Stress in composite bars. Apart from this, the topics associated with this section include Torsion of circular shafts, Bucking of columns – Euler’s and Rankin’s theories, and Thin walled pressure vessels.

Thermal Engineering: Properties of Pure Substances: p-v and P-T diagrams of pure substance such as H2O, Introduction of steam table and steam generation process; definition of saturation, wet and superheated status; Definition of dryness fraction of steam, and Mollier’s Chart. 

1st Law of Thermodynamics: Definition of stored energy, Flow energy, and Non-flow energy, 1st Law of Thermodynamics of cyclic process, Definition of Enthalpy, Conditions, and Equations related to the Steady Flow Energy Equation.

2nd Law of Thermodynamics: Definition of Sink, Source Reservoir of Heat, Heat Engine, Heat Pump and Refrigerator, Thermal Efficiency of Heat Engines and co-efficient of performance of Refrigerators, Kelvin – Planck and Clausius Statements of 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, Absolute or Thermodynamic Scale of temperature, Clausius Integral, Entropy, Entropy change calculation of ideal gas processes Carnot cycle and Carnot efficiency, and  PMM-2.

Air standard cycles for IC engines: Otto cycle, plot on P-V, T-S Planes, Thermal Efficiency, Diesel Cycle; Plot on P-V, T-S planes, and Thermal efficiency; IC Engine Performance, IC Engine Combustion, IC Engine Cooling and Lubrication.

Rankine cycle of steam: Simple Rankine cycle plot on h-s, P-V, and T-S planes, and Rankine cycle efficiency, with and without pump work.
Boilers, classification, specification, fittings, and accessories: Fire Tube and Water Tube Boilers; Air compressors and their cycles; Refrigeration cycles and principles linked with refrigeration plant; nozzles and steam turbines.

Fluid Mechanics and Machinery: The last segment in this engineering stream comprises certain crucial topics for SSC-JE 2023 exam aspirants.

Properties and Classification of Fluids: Ideal and real fluids, Newton’s law of viscosity, Fluids (Newtonian and Non-Newtonian; Compressible and Non-Compressible ones).

Fluid Statics: Pressure at a point

Measurement of Fluid Pressure: Manometers, U-Tube, and Inclined tube.

Fluid Kinematics: Stream line, laminar and turbulent flow, external and internal flow, and continuity equation.

Dynamics of ideal fluids: Bernoulli’s equation and its application, Total head, Velocity head, Pressure head.

Measurement of Flow rate basic principles: Venturimeter, Pilot tube, and Orifice meter.

Hydraulic turbines and Centrifugal Pumps: Classifications and Principles.

Performance Production Engineering:

Classification of Steels: Mild and alloy steel, Heat treatment of steel, Welding – Arc Welding, Resistance Welding, and Gas Welding; Special welding techniques, i.e., TIG, MIG, etc. (Brazing and Soldering), Welding Defects and Testing, NDT, Foundry and Casting (methods, defects, and different casting methods, Forging, Extrusion, etc. Other important topics include Metal cutting principles, cutting tools; Basics Principles of machining with Lathe, Milling, Drilling, Shaping, and Grinding, Machines, tools, and manufacturing processes.

Official Notification: Click here

Frequent Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. Is SSC JE tough?

Ans. Lakhs of students appear in the SSC-JE exam every year. In the 2022 session alone, nearly 3.5 lakh aspirants appeared for the SSC-JE exam. It indicates the intense competition that makes the exam appear tough for most aspirants. If you are well-prepared for the SSC-JE 2023 exam, you are most probably not going to find it tough and score a decent score and rank in your exam. 

Q. What is the difference between SSC JE and State AE exam?

Ans. State AE exams recruit eligible engineers for the post of Assistant Engineers and SSC-JE exams for the post of Junior Engineers. The government firm under which the Assistant Engineers recruitment occur vary in both cases.

Q. Which exam is better – SSC JE or RRB JE?

Ans. Both exams hold their own significance in their own domains. SSC stands for Staff Selection Commission and RRB stands for Railway Recruitment Board. The respective organizing committees conduct the recruitment for the post of Junior Engineer (JE). Both exam types offer a wide range of opportunities for eligible candidates.

Q. What is the selection process for SSC-JE and RRB-JE?

Ans. The selection process of SSC-JE includes 2 stages: Paper-1: Computer-Based Test (CBT) and Paper-2: Descriptive Test. On the other hand, the selection process for the RRB-JE exam includes CBT 1, CBT 2, Medical Test & DV.

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