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Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)

What is GATE?

GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is an examination which is conducted for Master of Engineering (ME), Masters in Technology (MTech) and direct PhD admissions to Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and other institutes/universities across India. It also opens the gateway to booming public sector organisations (PSUs) and in the field of research. Some of the PSUs and research organizations which use GATE score for providing jobs include ONGC, NTPC, GAIL, HPCL, PGCIL, BHEL, BSNL, HPCL, NHPC, BARC, DRDO, etc.

GATE is an All-India examination administered and conducted in eight zones across the country by the GATE Committee comprising of faculty members from IISc, Bangalore and other seven IIT’s on behalf of the National Coordinating Board, Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development.

GATE 2021 Examination will be organised by IIT, Bombay and the exam will be conducted on February 5-7 and February 12-14.

GATE 2021: What’s New

Two new subjects – Environmental Science and Engineering (ES) and Humanities and Social Science (XH). The total number of subjects in GATE 2021 has increased to 27.

• In another newly introduced change, students applying for GATE 2021 can also opt for two subject papers from the prescribed set of combinations.

• Eligibility criteria to appear for GATE-2021 is relaxed from the minimum 10+2+4 (ongoing) to minimum 10+2+3 (ongoing), enabling even those in the third year of their undergraduate studies to appear for the examination, thus providing an additional opportunity to candidates to improve their performance to secure better career options.

• All Test Papers of GATE 2021 will be entirely objective type. Pattern of questions may include (i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ), (ii) Multiple Select Questions (MSQ), and/or (iii) Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions.

 

Combination of TWO Papers Allowed to Appear in GATE 2021
(subject to availability of infrastructure and schedule)

 

Code of The First
(Primary) Paper
Codes of Papers Allowed as The Second
Paper
AE XE
AG ES
AR CE
BM BT/ XL
BT BM/ XL
CE AR / ES
CH CY / PE / XE
CS MA
CY CH / XL
EC IN / PH
EE IN
ES AG / CE
EY XL
GG MN / PE / PH
IN EC / EE/PH
MA CS / PH / ST
ME XE
MN GG / XE
MT PH / XE
PE CH / GG / XE
PH EC / GG / IN / MA / MT / ST
PI XE
ST MA / PH
TF XE
XE AE / CH / ME / MN / MT / PE / PI / TF
XH --------
XL BM / BT / CY

About GATE

The exam is jointly conducted by IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras, IIT Roorkee and Indian Institute for Science, Bangalore (IISC Bangalore), on rotational basis. The following table shows the organizing institutes in various years:

Year Organizing Institute
2021 IIT Bombay
2020 IIT Delhi
2019 IIT Madras
2018 IIT Guwahati
2017 IIT Roorkee
2016 IISc Bangalore
2015 IIT Kanpur
2014 IIT Kharagpur
2013 IIT Bombay
2012 IIT Delhi
2011 IIT Madras
2010 IIT Guwahati
2009 IIT Roorkee
2008 IISc Bangalore
2007 IIT Kanpur
2006 IIT Kharagpur
2005 IIT Bombay
2004 IIT Delhi
2003 IIT Madras
2002 IISc Banglore
2001 IIT Kanpur
2000 IIT Kharagpur
1999 IIT Bombay
1998 IIT Delhi
1997 IIT Madras
1996 IISc Banglore
1995 IIT Kanpur

From GATE-2021 onwards, candidates can apply for two subject papers from the prescribed et of combinations out of the 27 papers listed in the table given below. Candidates are expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of their qualifying degree. However, candidates are free to choose any paper according to their admission plan, keeping in mind the eligibility criteria of the institutions in which they wish to seek admission.

PAPER CODE
Aerospace Engineering AE
Agricultural Engineering AG
Architecture and Planning AR
Biotechnology BT
Bio - medical Engineering BM
Civil Engineering CE
Chemical Engineering CH
Computer Science & Information Technology CS
Chemistry CY
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC
Electrical Engineering EE
Engineering Sciences XE
Petroleum Engineering PE
Geology and Geophysics GG
Instrumentation Engineering IN
Life Sciences XL
Mathematics MA
Mechanical Engineering ME
Mining Engineering MN
Metallurgical Engineering MT
Physics PH
Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Textile Engineering & Fibre Science TF
Ecology and Evolution EY
Statistics ST
Envirnomental Science and Engineering ES
Humanities and Social Sciences XH

With a successful attempt in GATE an aspirant can choose the most suitable option from wide range of roads to travel to his final career destination :

  • Students can pursue M.Tech/M.S/ M.E/Ph.D from IISc Bangalore, IITs, NITs, IIITs and other reputed institutes.
  • Students can pursue Post Graduate Diploma in Industrial Engineering (PGDIE), Post Graduate Diploma in Manufacturing Management(PGDMM), Post Graduate Diploma in Project Management(PGDPM) from NITIE Mumbai.
  • Several reputed Maharatna and Navratna PSUs and research organizations recruit on basis of GATE Score. i.e. IOCL, NTPC, BHEL, PGCIL, BARC, CSIR etc.
  • Teaching: Professor, Asst. Professor at IITs, NITs and other reputed educational institutes.
  • Junior Research Fellow: ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc.
  • Senior Research Fellow: ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc.
  • Junior/Senior Research Associates.
  • Scientists “C” grade jobs.
  • Lucrative opportunities in research & development after post-graduation.
  • Multinational firms shortlist candidates on the basis of GATE score.
  • Some international universities offers M.S or Ph.D programs on the basis of GATE Score.

 

Anyone who has successfully completed 10+2+2 or 10+3+1 and currently studying in in 3rd or higher years of any undergraduate degree program OR has already graduated in any government approved degree program in Engineering / Technology / Architecture / Science / Commerce / Arts.

 

Qualifying Degree Qualifying Degree/Examination Description of eligible candidates

BE/ BTech/ BPharm

Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering /Technology) Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed

B.Arch

Bachelor’s degree holders of Architecture (5 years course) Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed

B.Sc (Research)/BS

Bachelor’s degree in Science (Post-Diploma/4 years after 10+2)

Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed

MSc/MA/MCA or equivalent

Master’s degree in any branch of Science/Arts/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent

Currently in the first year or higher or already completed

Int ME/ M.Tech (Post-B.Sc)

Post-B.Sc Integrated Master’s degree programs in Engineering/Technology (4 year program)

Currently in the 1st/ 2nd/ 3rd/4th year or already completed

Int ME/ M.Tech or Dual Degree (after Diploma or 10+2)

Integrated Master’s degree program or Dual Degree program in Engineering/Technology (5 year program)

Currently in the 3rd/ 4th/5th year or already completed

Int M.Sc/ Int BS-MS

Integrated M.Sc. or 5 years integrated B.S.-M.S. program Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed

Professional Society Examinations (equivalent to BE/BTech/BArch)

B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch. equivalent examinations of Professional Societies, recognised by MoE/UPSC/AICTE (e.g., AMIE by Institution of Engineers-India, AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers-India and so on) Completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses

 

 

Section

Question No.

No. of Questions

Marks Per Question

Total Marks

General Aptitude 1 to 5 5 1 5
6 to 10    5 2 10

Technical

+

Engineering

Mathematics

1 to 25 25 1 25
26 to 55 30 2 60
Total Questions : 65 Total Marks : 100 Total Duration : 3 hours

Technical Section :

 70 marks

General Aptitude: 15 marks

Engineering Mathematics :

15 marks

25 marks to 40 marks will be allotted to Numerical Answer Type Questions

GATE examination consists of Multiple Choice, Multiple Select and Numerical Answer type questions.

(i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each, in all the papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have choice of four answers, out of which ONLY ONE choice is correct.

(ii) Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all the papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have choice of four answers, out of which ONE or MORE than ONE choice(s) are correct.

Note: There is NO negative marking for a wrong answer in MSQ questions. However, there is NO partial credit for choosing partially correct combinations of choices or any single wrong choice.

(iii) Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions carrying 1 or 2 marks each in most of the papers and sections. For these questions, the answer is a signed real number, which needs to be entered by the candidate using the virtual numeric keypad on the monitor (keyboard of the computer will be disabled). No choices will be shown for these types of questions. The answer can be a number such as 10 or -10 (an integer only). The answer may be in decimals as well, for example, 10.1 (one decimal) or 10.01 (two decimals) or -10.001 (three decimals). These questions will be mentioned with, up to which decimal places, the candidates need to present the answer. Also, for some NAT type problems an appropriate range will be considered while evaluating these questions so that the candidate is not unduly penalized due to the usual round-off errors. Candidates are advised to do the rounding off at the end of the calculation (not in between steps). Wherever required and possible, it is better to give NAT answer up to a maximum of three decimal places.

Questions Type Marks Negative Marking
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 1 mark 0.33
2 marks 0.66
Multiple Select Questions (MSQs) 1 mark Nil
2 marks Nil
Numerical Answer Questions 1 mark Nil
2 marks Nil

 

Big Journeys begin with Small Steps

“Success doesn’t necessarily come from breakthrough Innovation, but from flawless Execution.”

Often I hear a concern among the students regarding “What should be our strategy to crack ESE/GATE exams?  To answer this question in the most simplified way, this article is my sincere effort to strategise things for aspirants, which will be fruitful for young friends.

There are two categories of ESE/GATE Aspirants :(1) Freshers , preparing first time for the competitive exams (Neophytes)   (2) Repeaters , who have already given one  or more attempts (Rank Improvers)

 

(I)  Strategy for Neophytes:

If you are a fresher and preparing first time then I would suggest you the following approach to be adopted-

• Define your aim and target the desired exam right from the beginning. You should examine closely the examination pattern, syllabus and the level of difficulty.

• The first step for amateurs should be, to go through previous years’ question papers of the aimed exam and identify what type of questions are asked, like whether it is theoretical (then what subjects/which topics are mostly asked) or derivations or numerical type.

• Keep one best reference book for each subject. You are not advised to read too many books for each subject; practically it is not possible in limited time frame.

 

The STUDY REGIME:

Make an overall plan of your career; define immediate and ultimate goals of your career, then make a roadmap to execute in most effective manner. Being an engineer you should understand the importance of planning and execution of the plan.

Overall plan may be further divided in three stages:

 

1. Six month /One year plan:

Divide months for different subjects and plan it so as to complete the entire syllabus in the left over time. In the current scenario of high cut-offs, do not go for selective study; instead cover the entire syllabus, because you never know “the topic left could be the topic of conquest.”

2. Subject-wise Plan/ Bi-weekly plan:

For each subject, study should be exam oriented, i.e. you should get acclimatize with the subject , so that you may know which area is to be focussed like whether theory has to be focussed or numerical or solving previous years’ questions will suffice. Every subject requires different approach .For example in mathematics you may be required to focus on practicing problems where as in English altogether different approach, similarly in technical subjects the approach may differ from subject to subject.

If you are enrolled in any coaching institute, then concentrate and study well in coaching classroom, your class notes should be full and final and should be ready in classroom itself, with simultaneous marking of IMPORTANT concept /formulae and develop a habit of writing of NOTE points ,wherever required. If only self study is your style of preparing without coaching, then also notes making is advisable.

One point to be kept in mind is “Work for Yourself”; i.e. make notes for yourself, it should be self hand written notes, as this will develop your writing efficiency in terms of speed, accuracy hand writing and also helps in memory retention.

 

3.  Daily To-Do list /Daily plan:

This is basically for effective time management. Plan and freeze the study hours and abstain from using mobile phones, social media, what's app etc during these hours. 10 to 15 minutes are sufficient to plan next day schedule, it will help in removing redundant activities of your schedule and you can make best use of your time for study. I would also suggest you to pre plan your area /subject /topic of your study for the next day, it would help in activating senses of your mind to stimulate for study which helps in better memory retention.

Solving previous years’ questions of GATE & ESE (at least of last 10-15 years) should be made contemporaneous with class notes. Do not postpone it for later, topic that is covered in class or studied on your own, finish the previous years' questions on priority basis.

While solving questions, mark the questions which you were not able to solve. Refer the reference book for the clarity of concepts, and solve again. In front of the question write the Page Number and Name of the book referred and in the book referred underline or highlight the concept. This above methodology is to be followed for all workbook and other materials also. After a few months while doing revision you should re-attempt these marked questions only and no need to solve other questions.

Make a REVISION plan:

Make a habit of reading and revising simultaneously.

While studying a particular subject; devote 70-80% of self study time in developing concepts of new subject and rest 20-30% time should be religiously devoted for revision of already completed topics/subjects. And, towards months closer to exam, increase the revision time for proper retention of concepts till exam day.

While revising, make sure you do the following:

Review of class notes.
Revise underlined/ highlighted portion of text book.
Then attempt only the marked questions once more.
If time permits, then start with new set of questions.

Make Micro notes:

After finishing every subject make micro notes, which have only principal formulae/ diagrams/ concepts of  utmost importance, especially note down the area which you find difficult to remember. Then, once this is done, take a snapshot and store in your mobile gallery. These will be your Digital Micro Notes, which can be revised anywhere and everywhere, while travelling, gap between two classes, free time etc.

Flow like a river:

Be loquacious and discussion oriented with friends and seniors and keep on clearing your doubts, don't allow to accumulate the doubts which may result in mental stress. Also interact with successful seniors and fellow mates to know about their path of success/strategy, it is synonymous with river water which when flows gets self purified.

 

Evaluate yourself:

Take tests in examination environment and make note of areas of difficulty and make a roadmap to improve these before the next test.

Stay away from incompetent and non-achievers. Don’t let their failure demoralise you in any sense.

 

Make holistic and balancing approach:

Cover entire syllabus but more time should be given to important areas. Identify important subjects and mark important topics within a subject. Scoring and low scoring areas should be segregated. Make a balance study plan for technical and non technical subjects. Mathematics and Reasoning Aptitude section is quite scoring in GATE exam.

(II) Strategy for Repeaters:

• Review your past performance and find the reasons for failure. Consider failure as next stepping step. In fact you are not failed your success is little postponed.

• Identify weak areas of each subject and start your preparation by first improving these areas.

• Focus more on solving different types of problems and that too from new source of material in each iteration.

• Plan your study to maintain regularity and self motivation; daily scheduling and subject wise scheduling is very important for a systematic preparation.

• Join some good test Series & Appear for tests with full preparation and take the test in examination environment and solve previous years' questions of various exams. Solve previous years’ papers of GATE, ESE& CSE may be very useful.

• To maintain continuity and keeping up the self motivation, form groups of 3-4 friends and make schedule of group study once in a week to discuss complex questions and doubts.

B. Singh (Ex IES)

(CMD, MADE EASY Group)

GATE 2021 Official Website Live
(https://gate.iitb.ac.in/)
16.07.2020
GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS)
Website Opens for Enrolment, Application
Filling, Application Submission
14th September, 2020 (Monday)

Last Date for Submission of Online
Application through Website

30th September, 2020 (Wednesday)

Extended Closing Date for Submission of (Online) Application (through Website) 7th October, 2020 (Wednesday)

Last Date for Request for Change in the
Choice of Examination City via GOAPS login

13th November, 2020 (Friday)

Availability of Admit Card on the Online
Application Interface for printing

8th January, 2020 (Friday)

GATE 2021 Online Examination Dates

5th, 6th, 7th, 12th, 13th, 14th Feb 2021

Announcement of Results on the Online Application Website

22nd March 2021

 

Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

  • VLSI Design Tool Technology
  • Integrated Electronics & Circuits
  • Micro Electronics
  • Microwave Engineering
  • Communication Engg
  • Telecommunication Technology & Management
  • Optoelectronics & Optical Communication
  • Nanotechnology
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Control & Automation

 

Electrical Engineering

  • Power Electronics
  • Machines & Drives
  • Power Systems
  • Control & Automation
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Instrumentation Technology

 

Mechanical Engineering

  • Design of Mechanical Equipment or Machine Design
  • Thermal Engineering
  • Manufacturing Science & Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Material Science & management

 

Civil Engineering

  • Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Construction Engineering &Management
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Rock Engineering & Underground Structure
  • Computer Science and Engineering & Information Technology

 

Computer Science

  • Information Technology
  • Information Security
  • Software Engineering
  • Distributed Computing
  • Image Processing
  • Computer Systems and Hardware
  • Database and Information Systems
  • Programming languages
  • Computer Networks and Distributed Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Advanced Computing

GATE 2021 would contain questions of THREE different types in all the papers:

(i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each, in all the papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have choice of four answers, out of which ONLY ONE choice is correct.

Negative Marking for Wrong Answers: For a wrong answer chosen in a MCQ, there will be negative marking. For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

(ii) Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all the papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have choice of four answers, out of which ONE or MORE than ONE choice(s) are correct.

Note: There is NO negative marking for a wrong answer in MSQ questions. However, there is NO partial credit for choosing partially correct combinations of choices or any single wrong choice.

(iii) Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions carrying 1 or 2 marks each in most of the papers and sections. For these questions, the answer is a signed real number, which needs to be entered by the candidate using the virtual numeric keypad on the monitor (keyboard of the computer will be disabled). No choices will be shown for these types of questions. The answer can be a number such as 10 or -10 (an integer only). The answer may be in decimals as well, for example, 10.1 (one decimal) or 10.01 (two decimals) or -10.001 (three decimals). These questions will be mentioned with, up to which decimal places, the candidates need to present the answer. Also, for some NAT type problems an appropriate range will be considered while evaluating these questions so that the candidate is not unduly penalized due to the usual round-off errors. Candidates are advised to do the rounding off at the end of the calculation (not in between steps). Wherever required and possible, it is better to give NAT answer up to a maximum of three decimal places.

Example: If the wire diameter of a compressive helical spring is increased by 2%, the change in spring stiffness (in %) is _ (correct to two decimal places).
Note: There is NO negative marking for a wrong answer in NAT questions. Also, there is NO partial credit in NAT questions.

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